What is AMH (Anti-Mullerian Hormone)?
Like FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) AMH is an indicator of ovarian reserve. OB/GYN’s and Reproductive Endocrinologists sometime use an individual’s AMH level to assess fertility viability and other hormone levels like estrogen, prolactin and lutinizing hormone. Doctors use AMH in fertility assessment to help identifiy candidates that may need to consider either freezing their eggs or trying for a pregnancy sooner if their long-term future fertility is poor.
Measuring AMH alone may be misleading as high levels occur in conditions like polycystic ovarian syndrome. AMH levels should be considered in conjunction with a transvaginal scan of the ovaries to assess antral follicle count and ovarian volume. Using AMH levels, doctors have the potential to rationalize ovulation induction programs and make decisions about the number of embryos to transfer. These decisions can maximize pregnancy success rates while minimizing the risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). AMH can predict an excessive response in OHSS with 82% sensitivity and and 76% specificity, according to WIKIPEDIA.